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GHS Pictogram Training Cheat Sheet

A health hazard pictogram is a visual representation of a hazard that might exist in a given environment.

The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) requires pictograms on labels to alert customers of the chemical hazards to which they could be uncovered. Each pictogram consists of an emblem on a white background framed inside a purple border and represents a definite hazard(s). The pictogram on the label is set by the chemical hazard classification.

Here’s a helpful coaching cheat sheet to make use of at your facility. (Download a PDF model under!)

Health Hazard

This pictogram is placed on a chemical label when a substance presents these well being hazards:

  • Carcinogen-may trigger most cancers
  • Respiratory sensitizer-may trigger respiratory irritation
  • Reproductive toxicity-may injury fertility or the unborn little one
  • Target organ toxicity-may trigger injury to bodily organs
  • Mutagenicity-may trigger genetic defects
  • Aspiration toxicity-may be deadly if swallowed and it enters the airways


It seems on chemical labels for substances which can be:

  • Flammables-which are gases, aerosols, liquids, or solids that may burn or ignite below sure situations,
  • Self-Reactives-heating alone, with out air, might trigger hearth or explosion,
  • Pyrophorics-in small quantities, might ignite inside 5 minutes after contact with air,
  • Self-Heating-which might catch hearth solely in giant quantities and after lengthy intervals of time when uncovered to air,
  • Emitters of flammable gasoline, and
  • Organic peroxides-which, when heated, might trigger hearth or explosion; could also be delicate to impression or friction; and should react dangerously with different chemical substances.

Exclamation Mark

It is used on a chemical label for substances that characterize the next hazards:

  • Irritant-irritates the pores and skin or eyes;
  • Skin sensitizer-which is an allergic response following pores and skin contact;
  • Acute toxicity-which could also be deadly or trigger organ injury from a single short-term publicity;
  • Narcotic results like drowsiness, lack of coordination, and dizziness; and
  • Respiratory tract irritation.

Gas Cylinder

This pictogram on a chemical label implies that the substance is a compressed, liquefied, or dissolved gasoline below stress at 29 kilos per sq. inch or extra.

Flame over Circle

This image on a chemical label implies that the substance is an oxidizer. Oxidizers might trigger a hearth by growing the focus of oxygen within the air.


This pictogram on a chemical label implies that the substance causes pores and skin burns, eye injury, or destroys metals.

Skull and Crossbones

Substances with a hazard of acute toxicity can have this image on their chemical label. Acute toxicity implies that publicity to a single dose of the chemical could also be poisonous or deadly if inhaled or swallowed, or if it comes into contact with the pores and skin.

Exploding Bomb

The exploding bomb pictogram seems on the chemical labels of gear which can be:

  • Explosives—which is a strong or liquid chemical able to a chemical response that causes injury to the environment,
  • Self-Reactive—heating might trigger hearth or explosion with out the necessity for air, or
  • Organic peroxides—once more, heating might trigger hearth or explosion.

Bonus Pictogram! Environment

This non-mandatory pictogram means the hazard the chemical presents is aquatic toxicity.

Download Your GHS Cheat Sheet (Free PDF)

Share this important info together with your colleagues! Download this free, helpful cheat sheet to distribute to your staff or submit round your worksite.

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